A typical fire risk assessment should consider the following points, and in this order.
1. Identify the fire hazards on the premises – these will include flammable materials (liquids, vapours, textiles, paper products), heating appliances with naked flames, electrical equipment, static sparks from electrical equipment, flammable sedation gases, flammable rubbish.
2. Identify who may be harmed – anyone on the premises, paying special attention to children and vulnerable adults who may be attending, and where they may be on the premises.
3. Evaluate the risk of a fire occurring – the amount of various flammable materials on the premises, and where they are used or stored, the number of heating appliances and items of electrical equipment, any sedation gases, the amount of flammable rubbish at any time.
4. Control the risk by taking precautions – reduce the amount of flammable materials used where possible, and ensure they are stored away from heat sources, replace naked flame heat sources with safer alternatives (only likely exception will be portable burners used for denture work), ensure electrical appliances are properly serviced and maintained, use and store sedation gas cylinders away from heat sources, avoid storing flammable waste near heat sources, consider if current fire detection methods, fire-fighting equipment and evacuation procedures are adequate or not.
5. Record the risk assessment findings – in particular, record all findings and details of the actions taken to improve precautions, ensure all staff are notified of the findings and any new actions to be followed.
6. Review the risk assessment periodically – annually is adequate, recording the date of the review and whether any revisions were made or not.